Executive Summary

For 15 years, the Gaza Strip has been witnessing a suffocating blockade imposed by the Israeli authorities that has affected all social, economic and humanitarian sectors. Despite the humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip reaching unprecedented levels, the blockade remains imposed on the enclave in a way that clearly shows how two million people can lead a decent life.

Israel began the Gaza blockade after Hamas won the legislative elections. Greater restrictions and sanctions were imposed after the elections in January 2006. The blockade was further tightened in mid-2007.

The long years of blockade Gaza witnessed were accompanied at times with military attacks, which led to the destruction of large parts of the infrastructure. In addition, thousands of unarmed civilians were killed and wounded or incurred huge material losses.

During the years of the blockade, indicators of the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip surged shockingly. For example, unemployment rate in 2005 (before the imposition of the blockade) was about 23.6%, while at the end of 2020 it reached 49%, making it among the highest unemployment rates in the world.

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